Blood Chemistries - Basic or Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

These tests help the health care team see how your child’s organs (liver, kidneys) are handling the cancer treatment.

The tests also show if the levels of sodium, potassium, and many other elements in the blood are normal.

Blood Culture

If your child has signs of an infection, the blood may be tested to see if bacteria, viruses, or fungi are present.

This helps he health care team know how to best treat the infection.

Complete Blood Count - CBC

A CBC counts the different kinds of blood cells: white cells, red cells and platelets. A CBC is done for many reaons.

One reason is to see how treatment is affecting the bone marrow, where blood cells are made.

Other reasons are to see if your child needs a transfusion or is at increased risk of infection.

A CBC is often ordered with a differential count. A differential count (or “diff”) refers to the distribution of the various types of white cells in the blood. The values are expressed in percentages.

Creatinine Clearance

A creatinine clearance test is a way to measure how well the kidneys are working.

Creatinine is a protein that is in blood and urine. The amounts of creatinine in the blood and urine are used toether to measure kidney function.

You will collect your child’s urine in a container for 12 to 24 hours. .You will need to collect the urine every time your child goes to the baathroom. The amount of urine collected needs to be accurate.

Your child’s blood will also be tested for the level of creatinine in the blood.

Tumor Markers

Tumor markers may be found in tumor tissue or released from a tumor into the bloodstream or other body fluids.

In some childhood cancers, blood and/or body fluids can be tested for specific tumor markers to help determine if cancer is present and monitor response to treatment.

Glomerular Filtration Rate - GFR

The glomerular filtration rate test looks at how well the kidneys are working.

A special substance known as a tracer is given in a vein.

After the tracer is given, follow-up tests are done to determine how quickly the tracer passes through the kidneys and is removed from the body.

Urinalysis - UA

A urinalysis tests the urine to see if it contains things that should not be there.

A small amount of urine is collected in a cup and sent to the laboratory to be tested.

The number of white blood cells and red blood cells in the urine will be counted.

The urine will also be tested for protein, bacteria, and sugar.